Chi tiết ấn phẩm: Vietnam Health Report 2006 - Về nhóm ấn phẩm


PREFACE 

After 20 years of implementing the Renovation (Doi Moi) policies and working toward international integration, Vietnam’s health sector can proudly point to several solid achievements. The people’s health has clearly and comprehensively improved. Many diseases have been controlled and eliminated, and targets for nearly all basic health indicators have been achieved or exceeded. The health system has been strengthened and expanded to achieve equity, efficiency, and development — increasingly satisfying the population’s healthcare needs in terms of quantity and quality.

The achievements in health care mentioned above are closely linked to the recent socioeconomic development of Vietnam, originating largely from policies, strategies, and healthcare efforts by the Party and Government, effective international assistance, and the positive participation of all sectors, governmental levels, and the people themselves.

Results of protection, care, and promotion of the people’s health, and the experience gained in organizing and implementing health services over the past 5 years, form the foundation for the Vietnamese health system to develop, overcome difficulties and challenges, and accomplish even more in the coming period.

In the past few years, although economic growth has been relatively high and stable, Vietnam still remains a low-income country. Despite improvements, the people’s living standards remain at a low level. Poor and near poor people are numerous, and achievements in hunger eradication and poverty reduction are not yet sustainable. The natural environment is becoming more severely polluted, creating new hazards to health, and natural disasters continue to place a heavy burden on health and the economy. The social environment with changes in lifestyles and work have created several helpful factors, but also many that are harmful to health, eg, drugs, alcohol, tobacco, food poisoning, accidents, and injuries. Some emerging diseases, especially HIV/AIDS, avian flu, and SARS have appeared and are spreading. Noncommunicable diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, mental illness, diabetes, accidents, injuries, and poisoning are increasing. Although the state has many policies aimed to achieve equity in the people’s health, we have yet to resolve disparities in health status, quality, and access to health services between rich and poor regions, ethnic groups, and social strata.

Although the Vietnamese health system has been strengthened and receives more investment than in the past, in reality it remains unable to meet the growing needs of the population in terms of quantity and quality of healthcare services. In general, the Vietnamese health system with its vast experience and ability to effectively deal with communicable disease is still limited in its capacity and experience to prevent noncommunicable disease and to operate in a market economy, especially in the areas of health economics and health financing.

      MINISTER OF HEALTH

Prof Tran Thi Trung Chien, PhD

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